Blackheads – Bye! Bye!
Blackheads: All about them!
Blackheads are small, dark lesions that appear on the skin, often on the face and neck. They are a feature of mild acne, but they can appear without other signs of acne being present.
Blackheads are a type of comedo. Comedones occur when the pores in the skin become plugged with dead skin cells and an oily, protective substance known as sebum. The top of the blackhead, which is visible on the surface of the skin, has a dark color. Normally, hair grows from hair follicles in the pores, and the sebum-producing sebaceous glands lie underneath. When these pores are plugged, the dead skin cells in the open pore react with oxygen in the air and turn black, forming a blackhead.
This is often confused with trapped dirt, but the development of blackheads is not related to the cleanliness of the skin. Other acne lesions are usually closed, but in blackheads, the skin around the clogged pore opens, the air gets in causing the collected sebum oil or dead skin cells to oxidize and turn black or sometimes yellowish.
Blackheads appear most frequently on the face, back, neck, chest, arms, and shoulders. There are more hair follicles in these areas.
Fast facts about blackheads
- Blackheads are made of oxidized melanin and not trapped dirt.
- Squeezing or scrubbing at blackheads can make them worse.
- To reduce blackheads, avoid oil-based skincare products, humid environments, tight clothes, and skin products that contain alcohol.
- They tend to appear when hormones lead to the increased production of sebum, an oily substance, by the glands under the skin.
Why you get blackheads?
- Oily skin is more likely to develop blackheads because there’s more oil available to become trapped in your pores.
- Hormonal changes, particularly during puberty, can cause your skin to produce more oil. Some medications may also affect your hormones.
- Skincare products such as moisturizers can make your complexion oilier. This doesn’t mean you have to skip moisturiser, though. Instead, choose a product marked ‘oil-free’ or ‘non-comedogenic’. Laura Mercier Tinted Moisturizer – Oil-Free protects your skin from the sun, conceals blackheads, and prevents further outbreaks by relying on non-oily ingredients.
- Poor skincare habits: If you sleep in your makeup, allow sweat and pollutants to remain on your skin, or use oil-based cosmetics on an oily or acne-prone complexion, you’ll be more vulnerable to blackheads.
- Dry skin would seem to protect you from blackheads, but that’s not always the case. When your skin becomes dehydrated, your skin may overreact by producing too much oil. This oil can get trapped in your pores along with dead skin, producing blackheads and flaky, dry skin.
- Using too many harsh products, spending too much time in the sun, and skimping on moisturiser all increase the odds that this will happen.
- Skin allergies may encourage your sensitive complexion to produce excess oil to protect itself. You may see not only inflamed skin but also blackheads and whiteheads. Fragrances in skincare products are a common culprit, but it’s possible to develop an allergy to just about any ingredient. If you have reactive skin, consider using one of the many sensitive skincare products we offer.
These 6 home remedies will not only show you how to clear blackheads but also help prevent future occurrences.
Its antibacterial, antifungal, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties put baking soda at the top of the list to rid skin impurities.
Apply a thick paste of 2-3 teaspoons of baking soda and 1 teaspoon of water on the blackheads, gently massaging for 3-4 minutes.
Rinse off once dry after a few minutes.
Repeat twice a week until the skin is clear.
Cinnamon for Blackhead Removal
From weight loss to skincare, cinnamon has invaluable health benefits.
Apply a thick paste of 1-2 teaspoons each of honey and cinnamon powder before going to bed and leave overnight.
Wash with normal water the next morning.
Continue this treatment for 10 days for the best results.
Oatmeal Blackhead Removal Facepack
Oatmeal is a super breakfast food and works equally well on your skin when combined with other ingredients. Its exfoliating and cleansing properties are just what you need to keep blackheads away.
Add 1-2 teaspoons honey to a half cup of tomato juice and 1-2 tablespoons of oatmeal and mix well.
Scrub your face with it and wash it after 10 minutes.
Repeat regularly for 10 days to see skin clear up.
Use Orange Peel to Remove Blackheads
Oranges are full of vitamin C and other nutrients that protect all skin types.
Dry some orange peels in the sun and powder them in a mixer.
To 2 teaspoons powder, add 3 tablespoons of rosewater and mix till a smooth paste.
Apply the paste evenly on the affected parts and leave to dry.
Once it dries, gently scrub it off using wet hands, then rinse your face with cold water.
If you experience any irritation, rub an ice cube.
Clear Blackheads with Green Tea
One of nature’s best exfoliators for blackheads treatment is green tea. Its rich source of antioxidants makes it an effective skincare ingredient.
Gently scrub a paste of 1 teaspoon of green tea leaves mixed with purified water for 5-6 minutes.
This will deep clean the oily skin and unclog the pores.
Wash & clean with lukewarm water.
If used regularly, turmeric prevents pore-clogging which allows the skin to breathe.
Turmeric works well for minor burns and is also quite commonly used to treat blackheads. Regular application of turmeric paste prevents clogging of pores which lets the skin breathe.
Mix 1 teaspoon of turmeric powder with 2 tablespoons of neem or mint juice and apply it on the affected area.
After 10 minutes, once it has dried completely, wash off with lukewarm water.
How to prevent blackheads on my face?
• Cleanse your face twice daily with a good mild cleanser – this is an absolute must. A cleanser with gentle scrub is a good idea.
• If you wear makeup or live in a polluted environment, remember to use a gentle cleanser to wipe off oil-soluble grime before you wash your face. If you don’t, your face washing won’t be half as effective.
• After a wash, always pat your face dry with a soft towel-cloth.
• As we are talking about pores here, toning is important. If you are facing a problem with blackheads, don’t skip the toning. Go for an alcohol-free toner that doesn’t dry your skin. Make toner part of your daily routine, even if you have normal skin.
• Go for weekly cleansing/exfoliating facial mask. This can help pull out excess oil and impurities from pores.
• Blackheads are considered the first stage of acne. While buying your Cleanser, Toner, Moisturiser, and Sunscreen do look for Glycolic acid or Salicylic acid in the ingredient list.
• Sweating also helps in unclogging pores, so get out and run! Bonus: you will also get a slimmer physique and a healthier body.
• Moisturization: Now just because you have blackheads doesn’t mean your skin needs no nourishment. Go for light, oil-free moisturizers, your skin does need the care.
• Don’t over-scrub your face. The temporary dryness will actually induce your skin to produce more sebum. Remember, you can’t eliminate blackheads by scrubbing them clean.
• Don’t rub your face with a towel after washing. Harsh scrubbing with towel will not take out your blackheads, but will definitely add a few lines to your face 🙂
• Resist the urge to keep your face super-dry. It’s important to retain the moisture balance in your skin, so adopt a balanced regime that suits you
Everyone experiences blackheads at some point in their life. A healthy skincare routine can help you avoid breakouts and speed up skin recovery.