Dandruff : prevention & cure
Dandruff is a skin condition that mainly affects the scalp. Symptoms include flaking and sometimes mild itchiness. It can result in social or self-esteem problems. A more severe form of the condition, which includes inflammation of the skin, is known as seborrhoeic dermatitis. If explained in an uncomplicated way, the scalp produces skin and when that skin dies it mixes with the oils in our scalp and falls off or becomes visible.
There are two types for dandruff:
- Dead skin becomes white flake and falls off the scalp – Commonly found.
- Seborrhoeic dermatitis – aggressive itching and redness with boils formed on the scalp.
In case you think you have the type 2 of dandruff, we suggest you book your appointment for the dermatologists now. For others, Read On!
Why are you here in the first place?
Dandruff can have several causes, including:
- Oily hair and scalp. This condition, one of the most frequent causes of dandruff, is marked by red, greasy skin covered with flaky white or yellow scales. Seborrheic dermatitis may affect your scalp and other areas rich in oil glands, such as your eyebrows, the sides of your nose and the backs of your ears, your breastbone (sternum), your groin area, and sometimes your armpits.
- Too little or too much use of your shampoo, conditioner, oil. Oiling should be done 2/3 times in a week. Whereas shampooing can be done 2/3 times as well but it is advised to use anti-dandruff shampoo if you have dandruff which requires shampooing your hair atleast 1/2 times a week. And a minimal amount of conditioning is essential, remember not to overdo it.
- Not shampooing often enough. If you don’t regularly wash your hair, oils and skin cells from your scalp can build up, causing dandruff.
A yeastlike fungus (Malassezia). Malassezia lives on the scalps of most adults. But, for some, it irritates the scalp and can cause more skin cells to grow. he extra skin cells die and fall off, making them appear white and flaky in your hair or on your clothes. Why Malassezia irritates some scalps isn’t known. Below are some of the most effective anti-dandruff shampoos easily available on online and offline stores.
Dry skin. Flakes from dry skin are generally smaller and less oily than those from other causes of dandruff. And, redness or inflammation is unlikely. You’ll probably have dry skin on other parts of the body, such as your legs and arms, too.
- Excessive or wrong use of hair care products. Sometimes sensitivities to certain ingredients in hair care products or hair dyes can cause a red, itchy, scaly scalp. Also, direct contact of the scalp with chemically induced products can cause the disturbance in acid level of the scalp.
- Environment. Your everyday things should be disinfected on a regular basis. Your pillowcases, combs you use every day, headgears like your caps, clips, bands, bandanas, etc. Leave them in antiseptic soap and water mixture for 12 hours minimum.
- Age. Dandruff usually begins in young adulthood and continues through middle age. That doesn’t mean older adults don’t get dandruff. For some people, the problem can be lifelong.
- Being male. Because more men have dandruff, some researchers think male hormones may play a role.
- Certain illnesses. For reasons that aren’t clear, adults with neurological diseases, such as Parkinson’s disease, are more likely to develop seborrheic dermatitis and dandruff. So are people with HIV infection, or those who have compromised immune systems from other conditions.
Signs and symptoms of dandruff.
Severe dryness of scalp resulting in Dandruff, a typical case of dandruff.
The signs and symptoms of dandruff are an itchy scalp and flakiness. Red and greasy patches of skin and a tingly feeling on the skin are also symptoms. Some commonly seen symptoms are:
- White flakes on shoulders of dark clothing.
- Itchy scalp.
- Scaly facial skin.
- A facial rash over eyebrows, nose, and ears.
- Oily scalp and facial skin with dry flakes.
- Eyebrow rash.
- Beard rash.
Coconut Oil & Lemon Massage
Coconut oil nourishes your hair, while lemon juice helps to treat dandruff at home without using harmful chemicals. Given below is the easiest dandruff home remedy:
Step 1: Heat 2 tablespoons of coconut oil and mix it with equal amounts of lemon juice.
Step 2: Massage your scalp gently with the mixture.
Step 3: Leave it on for 20 minutes before rinsing if off with shampoo.
This home remedy for dandruff uses fenugreek seeds. Follow the instructions below to use fenugreek pack to cure dandruff:
Step 1: Soak some fenugreek or methi seeds in water overnight.
Step 2: Drain the leftover water and mash the softened seeds into a paste.
Step 3: Let the paste sit for about an hour.
Step 4: Rinse it off with a mild shampoo.
Treating dandruff at home with curd is a little messy but very effective. Method for using curd as a home remedy for dandruff is given below:
Step 1: Apply some curd to your hair and scalp.
Step 2: Let it sit tight for about an hour.
Step 3: Rinse it off with a shampoo that’s mild.
Dandruff treatment can be carried out at home with baking soda as well. The remedy to use baking soda for dandruff treatment is given below:
Step 1: Wet your hair slightly.
Step 2: Keeping your hair wet, rub a spoonful of baking soda on your scalp.
Step 3: Leave it on for 60-90 seconds prior to washing it off.
Tea Tree Oil.
Tea tree oil is another way to cure dandruff at home. Follow the instructions given below to treat dandruff at home easily:
Step 1: Pour a few drops of tea tree oil on your scalp and spread it evenly.
Step 2: Let it soak for 5 minutes.
Step 3: Wash it off with a mild shampoo.
Apple Cider Vinegar.
Treating dandruff and hair fall at home can be a bit tricky. Apple cider vinegar is one of the best home remedies for dandruff and hair fall. Learn how to treat dandruff with apple cider vinegar below:
Step 1: Mix equal parts of apple cider vinegar and water and set it aside.
Step 2: After a regular hair washes, apply the mixture on your wet hair.
Step 3: Massage your scalp well and leave it on for 15 minutes before rinsing it off.
Henna or Mehndi.
Cure dandruff with this simple henna remedy. Henna softens your hair, while lemon juice works its wonder in dandruff treatment.
Step 1: Mix Henna or Mehndi with tea liquor, curd and a dash of lemon juice.
Step 2: Set this mixture aside for approximately 8 hours.
Step 3: Apply it on your scalp and hair.
Step 4: Leave it on for about 2 hours and then wash off thoroughly.
Neem has anti-bacterial properties and is an amazing home remedy. The method given below is easy and mess-free.
Step 1: Grind a bunch of neem leaves in a food processor to form a thick paste.
Step 2: Apply this paste on your scalp and let it sit for 10 minutes or so.
Step 3: Wash it off with water.
Multani Mitti Hair Pack.
Multani mitti helps to restore hair health. This simple remedy using multani mitti gives you soft, silky hair and dandruff-free hair.
Step 1: Make a thick paste using multani mitti, water and a dash of lemon juice.
Step 2: Apply this mixture on your hair and scalp and leave it on for about 20 minutes
Step 3: Rinse it off with water.
Orange Peel Pack.
Orange peel is another remedy that can be tried at home. Read how to use orange peel pack below:
Step 1: Throw an orange peel in a food processor and squeeze in some lemon juice too.
Step 2: Grind all the ingredients into a paste.
Step 3: Apply this paste on your scalp and let it sit for 30 minutes before washing it off with a mild shampoo.
Although dandruff can be a frustrating problem, there are plenty of natural remedies available that can reduce symptoms and provide relief.
Next time you start spotting flakes, give a few of these natural remedies a try.
Use these remedies on their own or pair them with over-the-counter products like anti-dandruff shampoos to maximize treatment effectiveness.
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